Going to Singapore to arbitrate your international commercial disputes

Arbitration Singapore

Country:

  • Singapore

Overview:

  • Singapore is an international arbitration friendly country

Singapore International Commercial Arbitration Legislation:

  • Singapore has its own domestic legislation (lex arbitri) for the regulation of international commercial arbitration
  • The Singapore lex arbitri is the International Arbitration Act 1994 (Chapter 143A)

UNCITRAL Model Law:

  • The Singapore International Arbitration Act adopted the Model Law (see Preamble, section 3, and First Schedule)
  • However, the parties can vary the application of the Model Law (see section 15)

UNCITRAL International Arbitrations Rules:

  • Pursuant to section 15A of the International Arbitration Act international commercial arbitration rules cannot apply if they are ‘inconsistent’ with the UNCITRAL Model Law
  • Otherwise, there is no restriction in Singapore in respect to the application of foreign international commercial arbitration rules (see Article 19 of the Model Law, as adopted by the International Arbitration Act )

Enforcement of International Commercial Arbitration Awards:

  • Singapore ratified the United Nations Conference on International Commercial Arbitration Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards
  • Singapore made one reservation. Singapore will apply the Convention only to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another contracting State (see section 27 of the International Arbitration Act under “foreign awards” and Part III)

Singapore International Commercial Arbitration Institutions:

Singaporen International Commercial Arbitration Venues

Singapore International Commercial Arbitration Rules:

Other International Commercial Arbitration Institutions:

  • There is no restriction in Singapore in respect to foreign international arbitration institutions conducting international commercial arbitrations in Singapore (see Article 11 of the Model Law, as adopted by the International Arbitration Act )

Other International Commercial Arbitration Rules:

  • Pursuant to section 15A of the International Arbitration Act international commercial arbitration rules cannot apply if they are ‘inconsistent’ with the UNCITRAL Model Law
  • Otherwise, there is no restriction in Singapore in respect to the application of foreign international commercial arbitration rules (see Article 19 of the Model Law, as adopted by the International Arbitration Act )

International Commercial Arbitration Guidelines:

  • There is no restriction in Singapore in respect to the use of foreign international commercial arbitration guidelines – for example, International Bar Association (IBA) Guidelines, Chartered Institute of Arbitrators Guidelines, UNCITRAL Notes, etc (see Article 19 of the Model Law, as adopted by the International Arbitration Act )

Place (or seat) of arbitration:

  • There is no restriction in Singapore in respect to the place or seat of the arbitration (see Article 20 of the Model Law, as adopted by the International Arbitration Act )

Substantive Law:

  • There is no restriction in Singapore in respect to the rules applicable to substance of dispute (see Article 28 of the Model Law, as adopted by the International Arbitration Act)

Representation:

  • To be advised

Useful Links:

New Zealand

Contact details

Telephone: 0508 899 721
Facsimile: 0508 899 723

Suite 25
Floor G
Panama House
22 Panama Street
Wellington 6011
New Zealand